Simple present tense


Subject + Verb + Complement


  • I like pizza
  • She lives in Toronto
  • We have a dog
  • They go to school

Here are all the pronouns with the verbs in simple present:

I like pizza.

You like pizza.

He likes pizza.

She likes pizza.

It likes pizza.

We like pizza.

They like pizza.

The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb:

  1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add (ES) in the third person.

go – goes

catch – catches

wash – washes

kiss – kisses

fix – fixes

buzz – buzzes

  1. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add (IES).

marry – marries

study – studies

carry – carries

worry – worries


NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add (S).

play – plays

enjoy – enjoys

say – says

This table shows the difference between the third person  pronouns. Notice the “s” on the end of the Word.

Verb 3rd Person
I live in Vancouver. He lives in Vancouver.
You play soccer. She plays soccer.
Tom and Dan (they) like
Tom (he) likes basketball.
The books (they) look old. The book (it) looks old.



Negatives in simple present use do not or does not.  They also

use be + not.

Do Not/Does Not

Subject + Do/Does + not +  verb +complement


  • I do not like pizza.
  • She does not play baseball.

Be + Not

Negative sentences can also use the verb to be and not.  They

look like these examples:

  • I am not a doctor.
  • She is not hungry.
  • They are not from Africa.



Questions with verbs in the simple present use the auxiliary

verb “DO”.


Do/Does   +   Subject   +   Base Verb


  • Do you like pizza?
  • Does she play baseball?




The answers to do/does questions are always “yes” or “no”.

This is why they are Yes/No Questions.


Question:        Do you like chocolate?

Answer:          Yes I do.

No I do not.

Question:        Does she have a brother?

Answer:           Yes she does.

No she does not.



Negative sentences in simple present use do or does.


Subject        +        Do/Does        +        Not        +        Verb      + complement.


  • I do not like hockey
  • She does not live in Brazil.


  • Do not =  Don’t
  • Does not =  Doesn’t


  • They don’t have a dog.
  • He doesn’t want a drink.


For a better understanding, this is a website to know how to apply these basic rules, and improve spelling and speech.