Future Tense

Simple future has two different forms in English: will and going to. Although both forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. Both forms refer to specific time in future.

Sentence Structure

 


Form Will

Affirmative sentences structure: Subject+ [will + verb] + complement

Examples:

  • I will help my mother later
  • She will send some letters
  • You will paint a beautiful picture for the art class

Sometimes, the form will can be used as a contraction à ’ll. With the last examples:

  • I’ll help my mother later
  • You’ll paint a beautiful picture for the art class
  • She will send some letters**

**The contraction (’ll) is often used for the pronouns: I, you and we.

 

 

Negative sentences structure: Subject+ [will not + verb] + complement**

** “Will not” can be replaced with the contraction won’t 

Examples:

  • I will not help my mother
  • She won’t send some letter
  • You will not paint a beautiful picture

 

Yes/No questions structure: Will + subject + verb + complement + ?

Examples:

  • Will you help your mother?
  • Will she send some letters?

In Yes/No question, we should give either an affirmative or negative answer to that question.

  • Will she send some letters?

Affirmative: Yes, she will. (The verb is omitted)

Negative: No, she will not/won’t.  (The verb is omitted)

 

 

Wh-questions structure: Wh-word (what, which, when…) + Will + subject + verb + complement + ?

Examples:

  • What will she send? A: She will send letters


Form be going to

Affirmative sentences structure: Subject + [be going to + verb] + complement

Examples:

  • I am** going to send a letter tomorrow
  • He is** going to join a gym the next month
  • We are** going to perform a song tonight

** REMEMBER: We should conjugate the verb be according to the subject.

 

 

Negative sentences structure: Subject + [be not going to + verb] + complement

Examples:

  • I am not going to send a letter tomorrow
  • We aren’t going to perform a song tonight.

 

Yes/No questions structure: Be + subject + going to verb + complement + ?

Examples:

  • Are you going to send a letter tomorrow?

Affirmative: Yes, I am

Negative: No, I am not

 

Wh-questions structure: Wh-word (what, which, when…) + Be + subject + going to verb + complement + ?

Examples:

  • What are you going to send tomorrow? A: I’m going to send a letter tomorrow

 


Uses


  • USE 1 “Will” to Express a Voluntary Action

“Will” often suggests that a speaker will do something voluntarily. A voluntary action is one the speaker offers to do for someone else.

Examples:

  • I will paint your wall if you need it.
  • She will translate the Japanese text, so Mr. Baratheon can read it.
  • I won’t help Mary because she was very mean with me.
  • A: I’m really hungry

B: I’ll make some sandwiches


  • USE 2 “Will” to Express a Promise

Examples:

  • I will give you a beautiful gift for Christmas
  • If I win the elections the next year, I will solve poverty in Costa Rica
  • You won’t tell anyone my secret, right?

 


  • USE 3 “Be going to” to express a Plan/Arrangement

“Be going to” expresses that something is a plan. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. It does not matter whether the plan is realistic or not.

Examples:

  • He is going to meet the president next Wednesday.
  • I am going to spend my vacation in Russia.
  • Are you going to invite Cersei to the party tonight?
  • I’m not going to be an actor when I grow up.

 


  • USE 4 “Will” or “Be Going to” to Express a Prediction 

Both “will” and “be going to” can express the idea of a general prediction about the future. Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future.

Examples:

  • In the year 5894, a post-human race will invade the planet
  • In the year 5894, a post-human race is going to invade the planet

If we add an “if”, it is mandatory to use will.

  • I don’t know if Oscar Arias will win the elections in 2018

 


  • USE 5 “Going to” to express something that is likely to happen

  • Be careful! You are going to fall
  • Look at those hungry lions. I think they are going to bite our bodies
Advertisements